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Nextcloud网盘安装使用简明手册

Nextcloud 是一个基于PHP的自建网盘,主要功能包括文件管理(内建文件分享)、音乐、日历、联系人等等,可在PC和服务器上运行。

一、服务器环境安装(Linux+Nginx+PHP+PostgreSQL+Redis+ffmpeg)

1、LNPP+Redis安装见:LNPP安装配置笔记

2、依赖库:

yum install libc-client-devel libsmbclient-devel libicu-devel gmp-devel
ln -sf /usr/lib64/libc-client.so /usr/lib/

3、php所需插件(编译时加上以下参数)

--with-pgsql --with-pdo-pgsql --enable-intl --with-bz2 --enable-pcntl --enable-exif --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --with-imap --with-kerberos --with-imap-ssl --with-gmp

pecl install imagick redis apcu

4、php配置

cd /data/php
sed -i "s/;clear_env = no/clear_env = no/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[TMP\] = \/tmp/env\[TMP\] = \/tmp/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[TEMP\] = \/tmp/env\[TEMP\] = \/tmp/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[TMPDIR\] = \/tmp/env\[TMPDIR\] = \/tmp/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[HOSTNAME\] = \$HOSTNAME/env\[HOSTNAME\] = \$HOSTNAME/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[PATH\] = \/usr\/local\/bin:\/usr\/bin:\/bin/env\[PATH\] = \/usr\/local\/bin:\/usr\/bin:\/bin/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

5、ffmpeg安装

方法一:

rpm --import http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/RPM-GPG-KEY-nux.ro
rpm -Uvh http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/dextop/el7/x86_64/nux-dextop-release-0-5.el7.nux.noarch.rpm
yum install ffmpeg -y
方法二:
yum install nasm
wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-5.0.2.tar.xz
tar xvf ffmpeg-5.0.2.tar.xz
cd ffmpeg-5.0.2
./configure --enable-shared --enable-openssl
make
make install
echo "/usr/local/lib" > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/ffmpeg.conf
ldconfig -v

6、nginx配置:nextcloud.conf文件,server_name、listen、root这几项根据实际情况填写即可:

upstream php-handler {
    server 127.0.0.1:9000;
    #server unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
}

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    server_name cloud.example.com;

    # Enforce HTTPS
    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen 443      ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    server_name cloud.example.com;

    # Use Mozilla's guidelines for SSL/TLS settings
    # https://mozilla.github.io/server-side-tls/ssl-config-generator/
    ssl_certificate     /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.key;

    # HSTS settings
    # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
    # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
    # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
    # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
    # could take several months.
    #add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;" always;

    # set max upload size and increase upload timeout:
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    client_body_timeout 300s;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/wasm application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # Pagespeed is not supported by Nextcloud, so if your server is built
    # with the `ngx_pagespeed` module, uncomment this line to disable it.
    #pagespeed off;

    # HTTP response headers borrowed from Nextcloud `.htaccess`
    add_header Referrer-Policy                      "no-referrer"   always;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options               "nosniff"       always;
    add_header X-Download-Options                   "noopen"        always;
    add_header X-Frame-Options                      "SAMEORIGIN"    always;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies    "none"          always;
    add_header X-Robots-Tag                         "none"          always;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection                     "1; mode=block" always;

    # Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
    fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;

    # Path to the root of your installation
    root /var/www/nextcloud;

    # Specify how to handle directories -- specifying `/index.php$request_uri`
    # here as the fallback means that Nginx always exhibits the desired behaviour
    # when a client requests a path that corresponds to a directory that exists
    # on the server. In particular, if that directory contains an index.php file,
    # that file is correctly served; if it doesn't, then the request is passed to
    # the front-end controller. This consistent behaviour means that we don't need
    # to specify custom rules for certain paths (e.g. images and other assets,
    # `/updater`, `/ocm-provider`, `/ocs-provider`), and thus
    # `try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri`
    # always provides the desired behaviour.
    index index.php index.html /index.php$request_uri;

    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess` to handle Microsoft DAV clients
    location = / {
        if ( $http_user_agent ~ ^DavClnt ) {
            return 302 /remote.php/webdav/$is_args$args;
        }
    }

    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }

    # Make a regex exception for `/.well-known` so that clients can still
    # access it despite the existence of the regex rule
    # `location ~ /(\.|autotest|...)` which would otherwise handle requests
    # for `/.well-known`.
    location ^~ /.well-known {
        # The rules in this block are an adaptation of the rules
        # in `.htaccess` that concern `/.well-known`.

        location = /.well-known/carddav { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }
        location = /.well-known/caldav  { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }

        location /.well-known/acme-challenge    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }
        location /.well-known/pki-validation    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }

        # Let Nextcloud's API for `/.well-known` URIs handle all other
        # requests by passing them to the front-end controller.
        return 301 /index.php$request_uri;
    }

    # Rules borrowed from `.htaccess` to hide certain paths from clients
    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)(?:$|/)  { return 404; }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console)                { return 404; }

    # Ensure this block, which passes PHP files to the PHP process, is above the blocks
    # which handle static assets (as seen below). If this block is not declared first,
    # then Nginx will encounter an infinite rewriting loop when it prepends `/index.php`
    # to the URI, resulting in a HTTP 500 error response.
    location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
        # Required for legacy support
        rewrite ^/(?!index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|oc[ms]-provider\/.+|.+\/richdocumentscode\/proxy) /index.php$request_uri;

        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
        set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;

        try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;

        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;

        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;         # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;     # Enable pretty urls
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;

        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }

    location ~ \.(?:css|js|svg|gif|png|jpg|ico|wasm|tflite)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        expires 6M;         # Cache-Control policy borrowed from `.htaccess`
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets

        location ~ \.wasm$ {
            default_type application/wasm;
        }
    }

    location ~ \.woff2?$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        expires 7d;         # Cache-Control policy borrowed from `.htaccess`
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    }

    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess`
    location /remote {
        return 301 /remote.php$request_uri;
    }

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri;
    }
}

二、Nextcloud安装

1、下载、解压

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-24.0.5.zip
unzip nextcloud-24.0.5.zip

2、修改配置(配置文件:nextcloud/config/config.php)

设置默认中文环境,配置文件中添加:

'logtimezone' => 'CST',
'default_language' => 'zh_CN',

启用redis,配置文件中添加:

'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',
'memcache.distributed' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
'memcache.locking' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
'redis' => [
     'host' => 'localhost',
     'port' => 6379,
],
     ),

2、网页安装

打开浏览器,填写管理员账号、密码,数据库账号、密码,数据库名,数据存储位置等几项内容。

二、使用

1、客户端下载

Windows 7、8和10:官方下载

安卓手机:F-Droid

苹果手机:应用商店

2、管理员创建账号,登录即可。

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