返回首页

Nextcloud网盘安装使用简明手册

Nextcloud 是一个基于PHP的自建网盘,主要功能包括文件管理(内建文件分享)、音乐、日历、联系人等等,可在PC和服务器上运行。

一、服务器环境安装(Linux+Nginx+PHP+PostgreSQL+Redis+ffmpeg)

1、LNPP+Redis安装见:LNPP安装配置笔记

2、依赖库:

yum install libc-client-devel libsmbclient-devel libicu-devel gmp-devel
ln -s /usr/lib64/libc-client.so /usr/lib/

3、php所需插件(编译时加上以下参数)

--with-pgsql --with-pdo-pgsql --enable-intl --with-bz2 --enable-pcntl --enable-exif --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --with-imap --with-kerberos --with-imap-ssl --with-gmp

pecl install imagick redis apcu

4、php配置

cd /data/lnpp/php
sed -i "s/;clear_env = no/clear_env = no/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[TMP\] = \/tmp/env\[TMP\] = \/tmp/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[TEMP\] = \/tmp/env\[TEMP\] = \/tmp/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[TMPDIR\] = \/tmp/env\[TMPDIR\] = \/tmp/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[HOSTNAME\] = \$HOSTNAME/env\[HOSTNAME\] = \$HOSTNAME/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i "s/;env\[PATH\] = \/usr\/local\/bin:\/usr\/bin:\/bin/env\[PATH\] = \/usr\/local\/bin:\/usr\/bin:\/bin/g" etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

5、ffmpeg安装

方法一:

rpm --import http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/RPM-GPG-KEY-nux.ro
rpm -Uvh http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/dextop/el7/x86_64/nux-dextop-release-0-5.el7.nux.noarch.rpm
yum install ffmpeg -y
方法二:
yum install nasm
wget https://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-4.2.1.tar.bz2
tar xvf ffmpeg-4.2.1.tar.bz2
cd ffmpeg-4.2.1
./configure --enable-shared
make
make install
echo "/usr/local/lib" > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/ffmpeg.conf
ldconfig -v

6、nginx配置:nextcloud.conf文件,server_name、listen、root这几项根据实际情况填写即可:

upstream php-handler {
    server 127.0.0.1:9000;
    #server unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
}

server {
    listen 8800;
    server_name 192.168.1.1 file.phpcj.org;
    # enforce https
    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    server_name 192.168.1.1 file.phpcj.org;

    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubdomains; preload";

    # Use Mozilla's guidelines for SSL/TLS settings
    # https://mozilla.github.io/server-side-tls/ssl-config-generator/
    # NOTE: some settings below might be redundant
    ssl_certificate conf.d/cert/fullchain.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key conf.d/cert/privkey.pem;

    # Add headers to serve security related headers
    # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into this
    # topic first.
    # add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
    # includeSubDomains; preload;";
    #
    # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
    # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
    # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
    # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
    # could take several months.
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    add_header Referrer-Policy no-referrer;

    # Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
    fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;

    # Path to the root of your installation
    root /data/nextcloud/;

    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }

    # The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
    # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json last;
    rewrite /.well-known/carddav /remote.php/dav permanent;
    rewrite /.well-known/caldav /remote.php/dav permanent;


    # The following rule is only needed for the Social app.
    # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
    # rewrite ^/.well-known/webfinger /public.php?service=webfinger last;

    location = /.well-known/carddav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }
    location = /.well-known/caldav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
    }

    # set max upload size
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
    # This module is currently not supported.
    #pagespeed off;

    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$request_uri;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        deny all;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
        #Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }

    # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
    # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff2?|svg|gif)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
        # Add headers to serve security related headers (It is intended to
        # have those duplicated to the ones above)
        # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into
        # this topic first.
        # add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;";
        #
        # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
        # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
        # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
        # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
        # could take several months.
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
        add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
        add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
        add_header Referrer-Policy no-referrer;

        # Optional: Don't log access to assets
        access_log off;
    }

    location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
        access_log off;
    }
}

二、Nextcloud安装

1、下载、解压

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-16.0.4.zip
unzip nextcloud-16.0.4.zip

2、修改配置(配置文件:nextcloud/config/config.php)

设置默认中文环境,配置文件中添加:

'logtimezone' => 'CST',
'default_language' => 'zh_CN',

启用redis,配置文件中添加:

'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',
'memcache.distributed' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
'memcache.locking' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
'redis' => [
     'host' => 'localhost',
     'port' => 6379,
],
     ),

2、网页安装

打开浏览器,填写管理员账号、密码,数据库账号、密码,数据库名,数据存储位置等几项内容。

二、使用

1、客户端下载

Windows 7、8和10:官方下载

安卓手机:F-Droid

苹果手机:应用商店

2、管理员创建账号,登录即可。

返回首页

版权所有 © 2016-2019 清风的个人笔记